On OCT 18, 2021, I published a hypothesis that Peter Daszak and associates were spreading viruses all over the world under the cover of “research.” This theory was based in part on circumstantial evidence regarding Nipah Virus research of Peter Daszak. Daszak gained a “Nipah Virus R01” around 1998-1999. This research grant could have been used as a vehicle to collect and spread multiple viruses in multiple locations.
Although I believe that Peter Daszak is guilty beyond a reasonable doubt, and that data contained USAID’s PREDICT data will prove it, I still have a reasonable doubt for Hume Field and other associates. It is certainly possible that there are many scientists who had their research misappropriated by Peter Daszak for a purpose they did not intend, consent to, or have knowledge of until recently.
Hume Field is one of the world’s most informed scientists on the origins of Nipah Virus. The purpose of requesting that Hume Field answer questions on the origins of Nipah Virus is to provide clarity on some questions, not to accuse him of any crimes. Questions will be related to the DNI Assessment, a 60 Minutes Report, and a paper published by Hume Field, Peter Daszak and others.
On OCT 29, 2021 the DNI published an Updated Assessment on COVID-19 Origins which contained a “fact” on Nipah Virus that I was previously unaware of: that the “Reservoir Species” of Nipah Virus was “Identified” in 1999 as “Fruit Bats.” This was surprising news to me after watching a 2004 Documentary on 60 Minutes where Hume Field, Peter Daszak and others were still searching for the reservoir species that hosted Nipah Virus. Below is the chart the DNI provided “Comparing COVID-19 Pandemic to Past Select Viral Zoonotic Outbreaks.”
Question for Hume Field: Are you aware of any information that the DNI may have referenced that identified “Fruit Bats” as the Reservoir species of Nipah virus in 1999?
January 1997. The “Nipah Virus” outbreak begins in Malaysia. In the February 2006 Edition of Current Infectious Disease Reports, Hume Field, Peter Daszak and others published Nipah virus: impact, origins, and causes of emergence. This publication raises several important questions for me. The authors referenced unpublished data from Hume Field that Nipah Virus began in Ipoh, Malaysia, not the Nipah region of Malaysia. Hume’s unpublished data was referenced to claim that he first human cases occurred in January 1997. The Nipah Virus is often reported to have begun sometime in 1998- for instance, in the DNI’s Pandemic Comparison Chart above. Questions for Hume Field are below an excerpt from the paper.
Questions for Hume Field:
When did your research on Nipah Virus begin?
When did you first meet Peter Daszak?
What research do you have on Nipah Virus that is unpublished?
Why have you not published this research?
Who funded this research?
Who else did you work with on this research?
Why, in your opinion, was the virus in question named after the Nipah region of Malaysia, instead of Ipoh, where the virus supposedly first emerged?
1998. Peter Daszak reported that he began research on Nipah Virus at the CDC sometime in 1998 and gained gained a “Nipah virus R01.” At the CDC, Daszak developed mathematical models to study transmission dynamics of viruses. I have some questions related to the “Nipah virus R01” for Hume Field.
Questions for Hume Field:
Did you work with Peter Daszak on the “Nipah Virus R01?”
Can you describe the Nipah Virus R01, such as start and end dates, countries visited, who else worked on the study, any viruses collected, etc?
1999. Peter Daszak claimed to be awarded a “Meritorious service award” from the CDC.
Question for Hume Field:
Can you describe what the “Meritorious service award” given to Peter Daszak by the CDC was for?
2001-2005. Again referencing: Nipah virus: impact, origins, and causes of emergence. This paper reported that Nipah Virus Outbreaks occurred in Bangladesh. The paper further reported that the virus in Bangladesh had changed a great deal from the virus in Malaysia in 1998, with “92% nucleotide sequence homology” between the two strains of Nipah Virus. The virus in Bangladesh had gained the ability to transmit between bats and humans directly and transmit between humans.
Questions for Hume Field: How did the two versions of Nipah Virus become so dissimilar (92%) in such a short time over the short distance?
How did Nipah Virus go from being a virus that did not transmit easily from bats to humans in 1997-1999 in Malaysia to becoming more able to transmit from bats to humans in Bangladesh in 2001-2005?
How did Nipah Virus go from being a virus that did not transmit easily from humans to humans in 1997-1999 in Malaysia to becoming more able to transmit from humans to humans in Bangladesh in 2001-2005?
Below is a 60 minutes Documentary on Hume Field, Peter Daszak’s et al search for the origins of Nipah Virus made in 2004. I have a transcript in italics of much of it below the video. I will have some questions for Hume Field below the transcript regarding the information contained in the video.
With SARS breaking out in China again, the Chinese have ordered the mass slaughter of animals known to carry the virus, but scientists admit they still don’t know where the virus is coming from- what the original source of SARS may be. Every year or so, a new virus seems to spring out of nowhere. Along with SARS, there’s been West Nile Virus, Monkey Pox, HIV, and a virus you probably haven’t heard of yet- a nasty killer called Nipah.
Recently, we went to the Far East with a group of American scientists who were involved in a new kind of detective work. They’re virus hunters, looking for the next big killer. They’re finding that viruses are leaping from animals into man in surprising ways, and there’s no better example of that than the search for the origins of Nipah, a bug so lethal, they had to build a prison to hold it.
That prison is a sophisticated biocontainment lab in Northern Malaysia. The Malaysians never had one of these labs before, but they had to build this one, to isolate some of the only live Nipah Virus in captivity, collected during the only known outbreak. We went inside with government scientist Dr. Abdul Aziz. “The main feature of this laboratory is the safety. How, what we call it, complete containment, meaning anything that comes in cannot go out.” (Complete containment?) “Complete containment. 100% containment.”
Why 100% containment for Nipah Virus? Well consider this. SARS kills about 9% of all those it infects. Nipah kills 40%. (“So this is live Nipah Virus?” “Yes.”) They keep the virus-infected tissue to study Nipah, a virus that’s probably been around for millions of years, but apparently never killed a man until recently. The lab is working on ways to identify any outbreak quickly, because now that they’ve got it bottled up, they don’t ever want to see what they saw in 1997.
1997 was the year that out of nowhere, people began to die. 265 people came down with terrible symptoms. “Temperature, Fever, Headaches, but fairly quickly it went into coma and unconsciousness, and then people needing to be on ventilators.” Dr. Hume Field is an Australian virus expert who was alarmed by just how fast people were dying. “You mean people would get something that looked like the flu, and in 48 hours or so they’d be dead?” (Hume Field:) “Well in 48 hours or so they could be in a coma, and certainly within a couple more days they could be dead.”
105 people were killed on the Malay Peninsula, but fortunately for the virus hunters, it turned out that all of the victims had one thing in common. They were all near pig farms. When Field, in the green overalls, went to the farms, he found a raging epidemic in the pigs. “There would be this symptom associated with the disease in pigs – a barking cough, and it became known as a one-mile barking cough because you could hear it a mile away. People would know that the disease had arrived in their area, and they’d hear the cough, and they’d hear it coming closer and closer and to their neighbors, and then they’d know that they were going to be next.”
“So in one area, really all of the farms would become infected?” (Hume Field:). “Absolutely.”
The Malaysians pumped clouds of poison into the pig farms to kill mosquitos, a common carrier of viruses, but the disease just kept spreading. So with no idea of where the virus was coming from, Malaysia simply crushed every pig farm in the region and slaughtered all the pigs – more than a million of them. That seemed to do the trick. Two years after Nipah emerged, it disappeared, but the mystery and the danger remained.
“That’s not the end of the story. You don’t know how the pigs got it? (Hume Field:). “Absolutely, and that’s the fundamental question. Where did the virus come from into the pigs?”
The hunt for the origin of Nipah Virus carried us out onto the South China Sea off the coast of the Malay Peninsula. We’re headed to a volcanic island called Palou Tioman, west of Borneo. It’s more than 150 miles from the outbreak on the mainland. (Jonathan Epstein:) “Now the island is not very developed, but there are a few small settlements of the coast. However, the interior of the island is just pure, primary rainforest.
Dr. John Epstein, and Dr. Peter Daszak, are virus hunters, traveling to remote corners of the earth for Consortion for Conservation Medicine. That’s a partnership of schools, including Harvard, ? and Johns Hopkins, along with the US Wildlife Health Center and the Wildlife Trust. It’s an American program, looking for viruses on the far side of the planet.
What do you say to somebody who’s watching this interview and they’re saying to themselves, look, I’m not a pig farmer in Malaysia? Why should I worry?
(Jonathan Epstein:) We never had monkey pox in America. We don’t even have monkeys in America. I mean how do these diseases pass into a place that seems completely unrelated? With the increase in global travel, the increase in trade, with the increase in human activities all over the world, the world is becoming a very small place. So just because there may not be Nipah Virus in America right now, doesn’t mean that a similar virus can’t emerge there or that other unknown diseases can’t pass from wildlife into people in America.
And they’re exploring places like this because most new viruses infecting man are coming from the wild. (Peter Daszak:) “In fact, almost 75% of the emerging diseases in humans actually come from animals, wildlife or domestic animals. So normally you need to go to those wildlife species and look for the virus there.”
They’ve come to look at Tioman Island because they suspect that they will find the animal that first carried Nipah, the original source of the virus. Daszak told us that if this kind of work was done decades ago, it might have changed the history of AIDS.
(Peter Daszak:) “With HIV, we’re looking at a virus that emerged from chimpanzees in Africa, sometime in the last century. That virus emerged into one single person hunting chimpanzees. It was a single person event. Wouldn’t it be amazing to go back there in time, and to see that virus emerge and say hey, wait a minute, don’t butcher that animal, you’re gonna have a virus that then goes on to kill 40 million people.”
And that’s what you’re hoping to prevent? (Peter Daszak:) “Exactly that. We’re looking for really the next HIV, the next SARS.”
Their search for the origin of Nipah is based on a hunch. Nipah is similar to a virus found in giant Australian bats. There’s a similar bat called the Flying Fox here on Tioman and Epstein is here to catch them, to see if they have the virus.
When you step onto an island like this, how do you go about finding bats? (Jonathan Epstein:) “Well you have to look for a certain key thing. One, often times you can hear them from a distance, so you listen carefully for the sounds of the colony. How big are the colonies? Well it really depends on the species and geography. In Australia the colonies can get upwards of tens of thousands of animals. The ones we’re seeing here on the island are considerably smaller. The one we’ve found here so far is about 6-8 hundred animals, maybe a thousand.”
We didn’t find one, on this hike. But down the coast, near the beach, there they were. Flying Foxes, sleeping, shrouded in their 3-foot wings. They hang out all day and fly only at night to hunt for food – tropical fruit like mangos. They return at daybreak. Epstein planned to catch them by throwing up a detour on their commute. He raised an almost invisible black mesh strung up like a too-tall volleyball net.
(They catch some bats from 8:19 – 9:58). Text resumes. (Jonathan Epstein:) “One of the places that we believe, that we actually know Nipah Virus, umm, is present, is in the saliva. We’ve found it on a piece of fruit that was actually being eaten by a bat. We actually found real virus.”
They found real Nipah Virus in a piece of fruit that had been chewed up by a Flying Fox, and that piece of fruit may well be the missing link in the mystery of how a bat virus came to kill more than 100 people.
150 miles away from Tioman, this is where the first infection’s happened. Notice the fruit trees over the pig pens. (Peter Daszak: “What obviously happened here, was fruit bats were feeding in these trees and somehow, dropping bits of fruit into the pig pens. The pigs would eat them, and then get infected. That’s what we think happened here.”
The bats don’t seem to carry enough virus to infect people, but the pigs became virus incubators, amplifying the virus billions of times, and then coughing and sneezing on the farmers. Nipah has probably been around for millions of years, so why didn’t this happen before?
Because the bats are on the move today, chased out of their natural habitat by man. Because of forest fires? (Peter Daszak: “Yeah. Forest fires and deforestation, slash and burn agriculture. And fruit bats were seen for the first time here in many years. And obviously if you’re a fruit bat, you see a very healthy mango tree, you just come down and start feeding.”
On Tioman Epstein netted 72 bats in all. Of those, 4 tested positive for Nipah exposure. That’s a little over 5%. They found the source and the path of the pathogen. From a tiny number of bats, to pigs, to man.
JE: When we talk about wildlife diseases, that jump into humans, it’s a universal story. It doesn’t just happen in Malaysia with Nipah Virus. It happens in China, it happens in North America, and by understanding some of the ecological factors that drive disease emergence, some of the factors like human activities that bring people closer to wildlife, that place stress on wildlife, that make it more likely for these diseases to jump into humans. And we hope to be able to apply these principles in general to other diseases and prevent future outbreaks.
And with a little knowledge, the virus hunters say the solution can be simple. Malaysian farmers were simply warned not to plant mangos next to pigs anymore. The Nipah outbreak ended in 1999, but since then, SARS has come to Asia and Canada, and in the US people have been infected for the first time by Monkey Pox from Africa.
Peter Daszak says that other viruses, still undiscovered, are waiting, as man presses into the last wild places on earth. Daszak: “What worries me the most is that we’re going to miss the next emerging disease. That we’re suddenly going to find a SARS virus that moves from one side of the planet to another, wiping out people as it moves along.” Something more lethal than SARS is what worries you? “Like Nipah Virus. Something that 40% of the people get infected die. That’s something to be keeping you awake at night.” END TRANSCRIPT
Questions for Hume Field:
Why did 60 Minutes, in 2004, report that Nipah Virus was collected in “the only known outbreak” in Malaysia, presumably 1997-1999, when the 2006 paper Nipah Virus: Impact, Origins, and Causes of Emergence reported that 5 Nipah Virus outbreaks occurred in Bangladesh between 2001-2005?
Regarding the comment of Peter Daszak: “What obviously happened here, was fruit bats were feeding in these trees and somehow, dropping bits of fruit into the pig pens,” would it have also been possible for a human to deliberately infect the pig’s feed in Malaysia to cause an outbreak of Nipah Virus?
Is it possible that the “biocontainment lab in Northern Malaysia” modified Nipah Virus to make it more transmissible between bats and humans, and humans and humans, and subsequently released it in Bangladesh?
Regarding your reply to this question 60 Minutes in 2004: (“That’s not the end of the story. You don’t know how the pigs got it? (Hume Field:). “Absolutely, and that’s the fundamental question. Where did the virus come from into the pigs?”): Why did the DNI list 1999 as the year that fruit bats were identified to be the host of Nipah Virus when you claimed to be still searching for the reservoir species in 2004?
Regarding the comment of Jonathan Epstein: “One of the places that we believe, that we actually know Nipah Virus, umm, is present, is in the saliva.” Did Jonathan Epstein know that Nipah Virus was present in the saliva of these bats before they took samples in the presence of 60 Minutes?